Do You Make This Photography Mistake?

Do You Make This Photography Mistake?

Inside: New photographers often struggle to figure out what aperture to use.  This post gives you two questions to help you decide.  Read on to learn from my photography mistake!

 

 

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At six weeks old my third baby had begun to smile in earnest and I knew I HAD to capture it.

I settled the baby in her bouncer with a pretty blanket draped over the seat to create a nice background and enlisted my husband to help me coax out a baby smile.

My camera settings were ready and I felt my heart beat faster as my husband chatted with the baby in sing-song tones.

The moment came – her daddy’s voice made her face light up with the sweetest grin and I snapped away.

I reviewed my images on the back of my camera and saw a beautiful photo of my baby’s smile.

Success!  A keeper!

what aperture to use

…or so I thought.

Later when I downloaded my photos to my computer I admired my capture.

The exposure looked perfect and her grin made me giddy.

I imagined how much everyone would love this photo on her birth announcement.

I zoomed in…

what aperture should I use

Wait, the eyes.

My heart sank.

Her left eye looked blurry.

My excitement shifted to deep disappointment.

What happened? Where did I go wrong?

I had no idea.

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What Aperture To Use

As a new photographer I’d read the rule of thumb:

choose your aperture based on the number of subjects in your photo.

That was easy enough to remember.

So I’d chosen an aperture of f/1.8 because I had one person in my photo. Shouldn’t that have worked?  Why didn’t it work?  

How do you know what aperture to use?

The fact is

IT DEPENDS.

It’s true.  The aperture you should use depends on how many people or subjects are in your photo.

But other factors also need to be considered when you decide what aperture to use.

photography cheat sheet

Aperture, also known as f/stop, is one of the legs of the exposure triangle.  Aperture helps photographers create the beautiful, blurry backgrounds most people want when they are learning how to use their DSLR.

 what aperture to use

photo with blurry background taken at f/2.5

Lower f/stop = Shallow Depth of Field

A photo taken at a lower f/stop setting has a “shallow depth of field.”  A small “slice” of your image is in focus.

Think of it like a pane of glass running on a vertical plane through your image.  A lower f/stop setting will create a “thin” pane of glass through your subject.

This imaginary window pane, or in-focus “sliver” of the photo is called the “depth of field.” 

Remember, a photo taken at a lower f/stop setting, like f/2 has a “shallow depth of field.”  A photo taken at a higher f/stop, like f/11 has a “wide depth of field.’   

 

I Made One Simple Change

 

Scroll through the photos below and see if you can spot what I changed from the first to the second photo.

Hint: It wasn’t my aperture setting.

In the first photo notice only the toes are in focus.

In the second image notice how all of both feet and part of the legs are in focus, even though I didn’t change the aperture.

Do you know what changed from the first photo to the second?  Click on the photo to see a larger version:

 

In the example with my daughter’s photo taken at f/1.8 the shallow depth of field could not encompass both eyes.

How to Fix It

To fix the problem I could’ve closed down my aperture to f/2.8 or f/3.2 to capture both of her eyes in focus.

or

I could’ve taken the photo from further away to get both eyes in focus without adjusting my f/stop setting.

In the example above I took a few steps back but didn’t change my settings. 

I cropped in closer on the second image (in Lightroom) to show the increased depth of field created when I moved further from my subject.

But you can see here how far back I was compared to the first photo, which was not cropped.

I learned three important lessons from my photography mistake:

  • Mistakes are good!  I learn something important from every mistake I make.  I’ve learned to embrace them because they always teach me a lesson I’ll remember.
  • When I’m close to my subject a wider aperture won’t be the best choice because I want to get both eyes and most of the facial features in focus.  A higher f/stop number such as f/3.2 or f/4.0 may be a better choice.
  • Zoom in on the camera’s LCD to check focus!  If I’d zoomed in on those photos of my daughter I’d have realized I needed to adjust my aperture setting or back up a bit to get both eyes in focus.

How Do I Know What Aperture To Use?

The next time you need to decide what aperture to use ask yourself two questions:

1.  How many people are in my photo? 

Use one aperture stop for every person in the photo.  For 5 people, for example, use at least f/5.  And if they are on different planes, such as in rows, you may need to raise your f/stop number even more to get everyone in focus.

2.  How close am I to my subject(s)?

If you’re close to your subject for a portrait, use a higher f/stop to increase your depth of field and get all the important parts of the subject’s face in focus.

NOTE:  your lens and the type of camera you have also impact a photo’s depth of field.  Check out this helpful article to better understand how these other factors affect the depth of field in a photo.

Practice with different lenses if you have more than one. Different lenses will affect your depth of field based on their focal length.

If you’re new to photography I recommend a lens like THIS or THIS.  It’s a great lens for beginners!

Learn From My Mistake

Learn from my photography mistake and take your distance from your subject into account when you choose what aperture to use.  You’ll avoid download disappointment and increase your keepers.

 

Need all these photography terms simplified? Click on the image below to download a Free Easy to Understand Photography Cheat Sheet for Beginners:

How I Learned To Take Photos I Love

How I Learned To Take Photos I Love

I would give almost anything to go back to this moment when my now pre-teen son was just four weeks old – not only so I could kiss his sweet baby cheeks – but so I could use the skills I have now to take a photo of him that doesn’t make me cringe today.

I loved this photo because I’d captured his sparkly eyes wide open and a hint of a newborn expression.  I even showed it off in a frame for many years.

Now when I look at it all I can see is how washed out his skin looks and how badly his right arm is chopped off.

Of course, I’m glad to have any photos of my first baby at all.  Those days in my life will never return.

But I wish I’d known then what I know now

Back then I didn’t have the skills to capture how beautiful my babies were to me.

Here’s another photo I loved.  Such a sweet gummy smile.

Too bad his skin looks orange/red, his hands are blurry, and his little feet got chopped off.

There’s that cute smile again, but this series of photos is oh-so-blue! And the harsh lighting – ack!

No problem – slap a sepia filter on it! 🙂

I didn’t know the first thing about how to get good color in a photo or proper exposure.

More funky skin tones and limb chops here…

Everyone starts somewhere

I share these photos not to make fun of myself, but to show that everybody starts somewhere.  

I’m living proof that it’s possible to go from being clueless about photography to taking photos you love.

After my third child was born things began to change as I learned how to use my camera.  

Check out these photos from her first year:

Can you see the difference?

I was just getting started and I still had a lot to learn, but I was light years ahead of the photos I used to take.

One skill I learned changed everything…

Be sure to Pin this for later

pinterest image

With so much technology at our disposal today, activities requiring skill and artfulness are being lost.

Take bread, for instance. Homemade bread is yummier and usually healthier than store-bought bread, but so much less convenient.

In our quest for easy, we always lose something.

This holds true in photography. Our camera phones require no skill of us at all.  And for many moments, their convenience makes them the best choice…

but…

once you get the hang of it, learning how to take control of your camera settings can be one of the most rewarding skills you will ever learn and can make the biggest difference in your photos.  It’s not as hard as you think,

and it’s well worth the effort.

As I look back over my photos over the past few years I can see my skills progressing:

Over time, I learned to see the light…

I learned how to compose and edit and polish my photos…

I learned how to capture authentic moments…

…but the turning point in 2012 was getting my camera off of auto mode and learning to shoot in manual mode.  This was the one thing that changed everything.

I learned that I’m smarter than my camera. My ability to see the light and choose what’s most important in my photo beats my camera’s auto settings every time.

My Only Regret?

-not learning sooner. 

I missed so many great photos of my first two babies because I didn’t have the skills I needed to capture their little years.

But I’m so thankful for every great photo I’ve captured since learning how to use my camera.

It feels great to look at the back of my camera now and feel a rush of excitement over what I’ve captured.  No more cringing.

I’ve never regretted the time and effort I’ve spent learning photography.

Want to improve your own photos right now?  Sign up for my free e-course:

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